Click on the arrows to view the other two sides of the pyramid. Roll-over the levels for description.
Abraham Maslow’s ‘Hierarchy of Needs'
Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory
Alderfer's ERG Theory
It is the highest level of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Self-actualizing people are self-aware, concerned with personal growth, less concerned with the opinions of others and interested in fulfilling their own potential.
After the first three needs have been satisfied, esteem needs become increasingly important. These include the need for things that reflect on self-esteem, personal worth, social recognition and accomplishment.
Social needs include needs for belongingness, love, and affection. Maslow considered these needs to be less basic than physiological and security needs.
Safety needs are important for survival, but they are not as demanding as the physiological needs.
These include the most basic needs that are vital for survival, such as the need for water, air, food, and sleep. Maslow believed that these needs are the most basic in hierarchy.
These factors give positive satisfaction. Some of the most common examples are: Challenging Work, Recognition and Responsibility.
If present, these factors do not motivate, but in case they are absent, they result in demotivation. Some of the most common examples are: Status, Job Security, Salary and Fringe Benefits.
Growth needs are desires for continued psychological growth and development. (In terms of Maslow's model, growth needs correspond to esteem and self-realization needs.)
Relatedness needs are desires for satisfying interpersonal relationships. (In terms of Maslow's model, relatedness corresponds to social needs)
The existence group is concerned with providing our basic material existence requirements.