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Endangered species refers to the number of animals, birds and even plants that are on the way to extinction due to the changing environmental patterns. The basic problem is the disappearance of habitat which is the most essential element for any species. There is a need to create a balance in the ecosystem. Only then, there lies a hope in the survival of these species and mankind.
There are many species of birds that are migratory by nature. These birds travel to places that are suitable for them. At present, these places are no longer the same due to modernization. This leaves very little choice of food or habitat for the birds.
Today, a large number of animals are already extinct or belong to the endangered species list. Every animal is dependent on many processes in the ecosystem. The moment there is an imbalance in this system, the survival of many species becomes difficult and with time, their numbers decline.
The rainforests in particular have been home to some of the most exotic species of plants. Due to various reasons such as deforestation and an imbalance in the ecosystem, there are many varieties of plants that are now on the endangered list. These plants are also an important part in the ecosystem as there are many animals that survive on these species.
The bearded vulture is one of the birds in Europe. It inhabits high rocky areas in extensive mountainous ranges. The imbalance in the ecosystem has resulted in many changes for these birds. There is not enough food for these large birds. These birds have been caught or hunted as a form of sport which caused their numbers to reduce.
These birds visit lakes as it forms a part of their breeding ground. The decreasing green lands in the forests and the loss of wetlands is reducing their number. The lakes are modified to suit modern demands of infrastructure. The food too has been an issue as they are affected due to loss of wetlands. This change has also affected their breeding patterns.
Philippine Cockatoo inhabit holes in tall trees and this is particularly observed in the months of April and May. They choose trees that stand clear and are very tall in height. These birds are now spotted only in Palawan. Since the kind of habitat required is now a rare case, the numbers are on a decline. The Philippine cockatoo is also a prey to illegal trading as house pets.
These elephants are hunted down for their meat and ivory which caused their numbers to decline. Another problem faced is the loss of habitat due to deforestation. At present, poaching is one of the main causes for their reduced numbers. African elephants are very important for the ecosystem for many reasons. They form an important part in the forest composition.
The giant panda is one of the most loved animals. The giant panda requires large amounts of bamboos as its meal. However, their forest habitat is being taken over by modern infrastructure which leaves very little for the giant pandas. It is very important that these habitats are restored for the pandas. These pandas play an important role in the ecosystem.
These large cats require large areas of land as they travel extensively in hunt for food. They also require grasslands. Initially, a few subspecies started reducing in numbers. Now, there are hardly any tigers left except for those that live within protected wildlife areas. One of the main reasons is loss of habitat. Tigers are also being threatened due to constant poaching by humans.
This plant actually belongs to the orchid family. The Acampe Longifolia is one of the few which are now on the endangered list. This beautiful plant is native to tropical Asia. The Acampe Longifolia requires a specific habitat as the plant is very delicate. These habitats are facing threats due to human activities.
Today, these plants are on the endangered list due to the loss of habitat. A very interesting quality of this plant is that it is native to the south west region of Madagascar. Experts have also stated that the plant species that grow in this area of the country rates amongst the most fascinating species from across the world.
The Lilium Iridollae is characteristic due to its gorgeous flowers. The plant requires special conditions when in the wild. The plant has to grow in nutrient rich soil in particular. With the current imbalance in the ecosystem, the conditions are not favorable for the growth of these plants. Along with this, the plants are eaten up due to overgrazing in the urban areas.